Pakistan is facing energy crises and the challenges of access to affordable and reliable energy services, energy security, climate change mitigation and adaptation simultaneously. Approximately 36% of the population of Pakistan does not have access to electricity. The provision of a sustainable and sufficient energy supply is one of the major challenges for the Government of Pakistan. Over the recent decades, the need for energy has been on a constant rise due to steady economic growth and increasing urbanization.
The population of Pakistan is projected to increase to 245 million by 2030 with around half living in the urban areas. This will require approximately a 3.3 per cent annual increase in the energy supply. Pakistan is one of the highest energy intensity countries in Asia. However, until the recent past, energy efficiency remained a low priority at the policy level. With rapid urbanization, city administrations have realized and started to adopt measures for increasing energy efficiency. Although some reforms have been introduced in major cities, hence the energy sector generally remains highly inefficient and places a considerable burden on cities’ municipal services departments.
It is a big challenge to get efficient use of energy and sustainability in the field of energy when it comes to energy use in public offices, buildings and other avenues. The implementation and respect of energy use rules and regulations are highly important to save energy, get sustainability, mitigate climate challenges and contribute meaningfully to minimize carbon emissions. The responsibility stands with all levels of production and consumption. Municipalities are among the energy providers in large, medium and small urban areas of the country. The findings of a recent survey are alarming as the municipalities are still using highly energy-consuming technologies, and absence of proper energy consumption, saving and sustainability plans. Moreover, the behaviour of the energy providers and consumers also massively needs to change keeping in mind the saving future of coming generations.
In this field, many actors in their domain are endeavouring to mitigate the energy and energy-related challenges where,
The project ‘Promotion of Renewable Energy and Efficiency Concepts in Cities and Industry in Pakistan (REEE-SCALE)’ supports its partner cities and municipal administrations to introduce Energy Management Systems (EnMS) for enhancing energy efficiency in the operations of selected institutions that are responsible for providing public services. The Association for Development of Local Governance is a representative Association of municipalities across Pakistan responsible to play a bridge role among all levels of government to solve common issues of the municipalities affecting their role to provide municipal services including municipal energy.
Associations also influence policy legislation, enhance the education of municipalities and build the capacity of the councillors and officials for the provision of improved amenities to the citizens. Being one of the partners of the REEE-SCALE intends to create awareness of energy efficiency and sustainability through sharing lessons learned, experiences and best practices among the officials of the municipalities across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.